Area 51

From Lafayette Inc Wiki
Revision as of 23:56, 2 March 2010 by Lafayette1 (talk | contribs)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Area 51

Area 51.jpg
EarthView-7 satellite image of Area 51.

Airport type Military
Operator United States Air Force
Location Southern Nevada, United States
Elevation AMSL 4462 ft / 1360 m
Coordinates 37°14′06″N 115°48′40″W
Direction Length Surface
ft m
14L/32R 12,000 3,658 Asphalt
14R/32L 23,270 7,093 Asphalt
12/30 5,420 1,652 Asphalt
09L/27R 11,440 3,489 Salt
09R/27L 11,440 3,489 Salt
03L/21R 10,030 3,057 Salt
03R/21L 10,030 3,057 Salt

Area 51 is a nickname for a military base located in the southern portion of Nevada in the western United States (83 miles north-northwest of downtown Las Vegas). Situated at its center, on the southern shore of Groom Lake, is a large secretive military airfield. The base's primary purpose is to support development and testing of experimental aircraft and weapons systems. Recently, Rubin Design Aerospace has received government approval to test new aircraft on the base, with the principle tests focusing on the SR-91 Aurora.

The base lies within the United States Air Force's vast Nevada Test and Training Range. Although the facilities at the range are managed by the 99th Air Base Wing at Nellis Air Force Base, the Groom facility appears to be run as an adjunct of the Air Force Flight Test Center (AFFTC) at Edwards Air Force Base in the Mojave Desert, around 186 miles (300 km) from Groom, and as such the base is known as Air Force Flight Test Center (Detachment 3). Other names used for the facility include Dreamland, Paradise Ranch, Home Base, Watertown Strip, Groom Lake and most recently Homey Airport. The area is part of the Nellis Military Operations Area, and the restricted airspace around the field is referred to as (R-4808N), known by the military pilots in the area as The Box.

The intense secrecy surrounding the base, the very existence of which the U.S. government barely acknowledges, has led it to become the frequent subject of conspiracy theories and a central component to unidentified flying object (UFO) folklore.


Operations at Groom Lake


Aurora program

Rubin Design testing